unrefined, CO2 extract We use a Turmeric CO2 extraction which yields a pure and potent version of this essential oil without the use of chemicals, heat or pressure. Turmeric is full of antioxidants and is very gentle on the skin. It can alleviate temporary redness and calm skin. This particular turmeric is purchased from a small US company that sources only the finest and highest quality ingredients. It is not only GC/MS tested ( a high industry standard for toxins and purity ) but also organolepticlly tested for the most exquisite smell. It is possible that some people may become sensitive to the sun when using turmeric. We use a dilution that is very safe, so while we don’t anticipate this, if it is an issue we recommend using the OCM Ritual at night only.